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Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in Braunau, Austria, a small town across the Inn River from Germany. Soon after
Hitler's birth, his father, Alois Hitler, moved the family to Linz, Austria. Hitler attended school in Linz and at first was a good
student, but in high school he was a very poor student. Hitler's academic abilities angered his father because his father hoped
that Hitler would study to become a government worker as he had been. Hitler, however, wanted to become an artist.
In 1907, Hitler went to Vienna Austria. in an attempt to fulfill his dream of becoming an artist. This attempt ended when he
failed the entrance exam to the Academy of Fine Arts. When Hitler's mother died in 1907, he decided to remain in Vienna. He
took the entrance exam a year later and failed again. He did not have steady work in Vienna, but, instead, took a variety of odd
jobs. He lived in cheap rooming houses or slept on park benches and he often had to get meals from charity kitchens. During
his time in Vienna Hitler learned to hate non-Germans. Hitler was a German-speaking Austrian and considered himself German.
He ridiculed the Austrian government for recognizing eight languages as official and believed that no government could last if it
treated ethnic groups equally.
In 1913, Hitler went to Munich, Germany and when World War I began in 1914, he volunteered for service in the German
army. Hitler was twice decorated for bravery, but only rose to the rank of corporal. When World War I ended. Hitler was in a
hospital recovering from temporary blindness possibly caused by a poison gas attack. The Versailles Treaty that ended the war
stripped Germany of much of its territory, forced the country to disarm, and ordered Germany to pay huge reparations. When
the army returned to Germany. the country was in despair. The country was bankrupt and millions of people were unemployed.
In 1920, Hitler joined the National Socialist German Workers Party known as the Nazis. The Nazis called for all Germans,
even those in other countries, to unite into one nation; they called for a strong central government; and they called for the
cancellation of the Versailles Treaty. Hitler became leader of the Nazi party and built up membership quickly, mostly because
of his powerful speaking ability. Hitler organized an army for the Nazi party called the Storm Troopers ("Brown Shirts") who
were called upon to fight groups seeking to disband the Nazi rallies.
On November 9, 1923, Hitler led more than 2,000 Storm Troopers on a march to seize the Bavarian government. The attempt
failed and Hitler was arrested and sentenced to prison for five years for treason. While in prison, Hitler wrote Mein Kampf (My
Struggle). In this book. he stated his beliefs and plans for Germany's future. Hitler only served nine months in prison and when
he was released, he began to rebuild the party again. He set up a private battle-ready elite guard known as the "Schutzstaffel"
(SS). By 1929, the Nazis had become an important minor political party.
In 1930, a worldwide depression hit Germany, yet Germany also had the debt of paying for the damage it had caused in World
War I. Hitler protested against paying the debt and said that the Jews and Communists were the cause for Germany's defeat in
World War I. He promised to rid Germany of Jews and Communists and to reunite the German speaking part of Europe.
In July, 1932, the Nazis received about 40% of the vote and became the strongest party in Germany. On January 30,1933, President Paul von Hindenburg appointed Hitler Chancellor of Germany. Once in this position, Hitler moved quickly toward
attaining a dictatorship. When von Hindenburg died in 1934, Hitler already had control of Germany and he gave himself the title
Under Hitler's government, called the Third Reich, there was no place for freedom. The government controlled every part of
one's life. Hitler used extensive propaganda to brainwash the nation into believing his theory about creating the perfect Aryan or
nordic race. Therefore, it was Hitler's plan to rid the nation and eventually the world of Jews, Gypsies, Negroes, handicapped,
and mentally ill persons. This plan was called the "Final Solution."
World War II began in 1939 when Hitler invaded Poland to begin his unification of all German-speaking peoples. By this time
extermination camps were being established throughout Germany, Poland, and Russia.
Before Hitler was stopped in 1945 by the Allied countries, he had caused the extermination over 12 million people. Hitler
committed suicide in his bunker on April 30,1945 and seven days later, Germany surrendered.